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Table 2 Key indicators of RRI dimensions, summarized from Stilgoe et al. (2013)

From: Constructing future scenarios as a tool to foster responsible research and innovation among future synthetic biologists

Dimension Key indicators
Anticipation Showing the capacity to ask “what if”-questions. (What is likely? What is plausible?)
Showing the capacity to think systemically
Acknowledging the value of system thinking
Explicitly recognizing complexities and co-evolution
Inclusion Recognizing and acknowledging engagement beyond key stakeholders
Diversifying the inputs to and delivery of governance
Opening up framings of issues
Recognizing engagement as a learning process
Opening up discussion on future social worlds
Reflexivity Being able to hold a mirror up to one’s own activities, commitments, and assumptions
Being aware of the limits of (technical) knowledge
Being mindful that a particular framing of an issue may not be universally held
Scrutinizing value systems and theories that shape science and innovation
Opening up alternatives
Rethinking prevailing conceptions about the moral division of labour within science and innovation
Recognizing wider moral responsibilities
Responsiveness Acknowledging the need or possibility to change shape or direction in response to stakeholder and public values and changing circumstances
Recognizing the limitations of knowledge and power
Being able to situate the project in the wider political and economic landscape
Showing the capacity to scrutinize science system elements and governance
mechanisms (e.g. with regard to intellectual property regimes, and funding)
Incorporating particular ethical values in their design