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Table 3 Environmental impacts of laser land levelling technology

From: A socio-psychological model of laser levelling impacts assessment

IndicatorsPriorityRank meanPositive impactNo impact
LowAverageHigh
FrequencyPercentFrequencyPercentFrequencyPercentFrequencyPercent
Vulnerable against disasters
 Facilitated pest control22.222214.65133.87046.474.6
 Weeds density32.181912.65234.46845.0117.3
 Coping with drought52.122214.64630.56744.4138.6
Soil production capacity
 Soil fertility32.182013.24429.17348.3138.6
 Soil erosion12.26149.35033.17650.3106.6
 Soil compaction71.762919.24328.55033.12818.5
 Soil salinity81.742315.24529.84932.53221.2
Residues management
 Retention of crop residues12.26159.96039.76845.074.6
 Mixing the soil with crop residues62.042113.95335.15939.11610.6
Pollution
 Underground waters pollution91.633221.24429.14227.83221.2
 Fossil fuel pollution101.613724.53724.54529.83019.9
Biodiversity
 Terricolous organisms diversity111.563221.24026.54026.53623.8
 Beneficial insect attraction121.332717.93221.23422.55234.4
 landscape attractiveness42.132214.65637.16241.1106.6