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Table 4 Social impacts of laser land levelling technology

From: A socio-psychological model of laser levelling impacts assessment

IndicatorsPriorityRank meanPositive impactNo impact
LowAverageHigh
FrequencyPercentFrequencyPercentFrequencyPercentFrequencyPercent
Job opportunities
 Seasonal agricultural labor71.463019.93724.53925.84529.8
 Employment opportunities81.452717.93825.23925.84630.5
 Number of family workforce101.343120.53623.83221.24932.5
Sense of belonging to village (place attachment)
 Sense of belonging to village21.723019.94328.54731.12919.2
 Interest in living in villages in the future31.713724.54731.14227.82415.9
 Interest in spending most time in village51.653422.54026.54429.13120.5
 Taking responsibility for improving villages status51.654227.83925.84227.82617.2
Immigration
 Immigration from rural areas61.503221.24026.53825.24026.5
 Immigrants returns91.353321.93724.53221.24831.8
Welfare
 Improving farmers’ living condition11.963724.54831.85435.8117.3
 Quality of life satisfaction21.724227.84529.84227.82113.9
 Enjoying life31.713422.54529.84429.12617.2
 Spending more time with their families41.673825.25033.13724.52415.9
 Reduce poverty and inequality71.463120.54630.53221.24127.2